Monday, October 16, 2017

Exact Directions Challenge

This challenge by a father to his kids to give exact instructions to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich are hysterical, enjoyable, educational, and a great example of the power of details for operational definitions.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Sunday, October 15, 2017

Psych Files: A Brief Survey

Hi Everyone,

Michael Britt over at the Psych Files is a friend of the blog. As you may know, he has been working for free for psychology teachers and students around the world for more than a decade. Recently, that has become unsustainable for him. He has added advertising to his blogs and podcasts. In the interest of helping to keep his efforts going, he is requesting the responses of you and your students. The survey takes less than five minutes. Thank you for your help.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Thursday, October 12, 2017

APA TOPSS Charles T. Blair-Broeker Excellence in Teaching Awards

APA TOPSS Charles T. Blair-Broeker Excellence in Teaching Awards
The American Psychological Association (APA) Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (TOPSS) Charles T. Blair-Broeker Excellence in Teaching Awardrecognize outstanding teachers in psychology. There will be up to three annual awards.

Winners will receive a framed certificate, engraved award, cash prize of $500, and a free TOPSS membership or renewal for the 2019 membership year. Additionally, Worth Publishers is generously donating a $500 credit to Bedford Freeman & Worth Publishers and a copy of the “High School Psychology Video Anthology DVD” to each of the winning teachers.  For additional details and the nomination process, please see  
The nomination deadline is February 15, 2018.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Friday, September 22, 2017

Smartphones: Let's think critically!

Several people recommended this Atlantic article by Jean Twenge to me recently (link below). The author makes a compelling, and frightening, argument about the impact of smartphones on our students.

Psychologist Sara Rose Cavanagh wrote a response in Psychology Today, arguing that Twenge doesn't have evidence to back up her claims in the Atlantic article:

Psychology teachers might be able to use these two articles as part of a useful critical thinking lesson: what can we "know" based on a lot of correlational evidence? What can't we know? What conclusions should we draw about important issues when all we can get is correlational evidence?

posted by Rob McEntarffer

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Radio West:  The Hidden Brain        

Hello Everyone!

Radio West is a program produced by KUER (our local NPR affiliate) that delves into many topics that help the public understand how the world works.  The host, Doug Fabrizio, does an excellent job interviewing interesting characters and delving into topics relevant to the teaching of Psychology.  Check out this interview with NPR's Shankar Vedantam who is the host of the podcast the Hidden Brain.  In this program, the conversation centers on how our behavior is oftentimes influenced by unconscious forces. You'll be hooked!


Kristin Whitlock

UTOPSS Fall Conference

The UTAH-Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools Fall Conference is just around the corner!  We have a FABULOUS line-up of guests!

Friday, September 29, 2017
8:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
Westminster College, Salt Lake City Utah


*Tiffany Karns, Rowlett High School, Rowlett TX

“It’s Not Just What We Teach, But Also Who We Teach
Making it Personal: Adverse Childhood Experiences and Brain Development”

*Dr. Susan Manville, Westminster College

"Teaching At The Intersection of Psychology & Health"

*APA Summit on High School Psychology Education: Exciting directions for Introductory Psychology

Julie Gowans, Payson High School
Annette Nielsen, Woods Cross High School
Tomee Pace, Mountain High School
Dan Rozanas, Alta High School
Kristin Whitlock, Davis High School

*Participant Idea Share

*Break-out sessions

AP Psychology: Jonathan Lungreen (Tooele High School)

Introductory Psychology: Erik Bayles (Utah Valley University & Pleasant Grove High School)

Sports Psychology: Bart Thompson (Salem Hills High School)

Registration is $50.00 and is due September 22, 2017

Go to: 

I hope you can join us!

Kristin Whitlock

Friday, September 1, 2017

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. address, APA convention, 1967

Did you know that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. addressed the APA convention in 1967? I didn't! This blog post about his talk might be a very useful (and timely) post to use with your students.

Here is the full text of his speech at the APA convention:

posted by Rob McEntarffer

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

September psychology workshop in the St. Louis area

I am happy to share this announcement:

Fall 2017

St. Louis Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools
Partially funded by a generous grant from the
APA High School Psychology Teacher Network Grant

Wednesday September 13 , 2017
5:00 p.m. – 7:00 p.m.

Where: Education Plus
1460 Craig Rd
St Louis, MO 63146

Bring your Own: Side Dish or Dessert and Best Practices to Share!
Sandwiches and Mostaccioli from Psghetti’s


College Psychology Student Panel
Book Club
Planning for Spring Meeting
Sharing of Best Practices


Please email Jennifer Flores or Melody Barger if you would like to attend

Jennifer Flores –

Melody Barger –

Sign up to bring something at: 

--posted by Steve

Monday, August 28, 2017

How stressed are your students?

I've been reading quite a bit lately about high school students and stress (especially students in AP and IB programs). I'm also talking with my daughter (10th grade, IB program) about stress (not very successfully) and it's making me wonder about the connections between high school psychology and student stress.

This topic "fits" most obviously in a "Health and Stress" unit, but I'm not sure how many of us teach a chapter like that? It could belong in the Motivation and Emotion unit too? Or maybe just Bio Psychology? I've talked with many high school psych teachers about how the Cognition unit can help students figure out how to study and how to "learn how to learn." I wonder if there might be similar and equally important lessons from our psychology content about how to FEEL about learning (and trying, and failing, and succeeding, and how to handle the emotional components of learning).

I don't have many great resources to share about this yet, and I'd love to hear from you all. Here's a good (I think) article from Psychology Today - might be a place to start?

(Image source: - labelled for reuse) 

posted by Rob McEntarffer

Sunday, August 20, 2017

Excellence In Psychology Instruction Conference (EPIC)

Saturday, October 7 has a fantastic conference for anyone in the Midwest if you can make it to Green Bay, WI. Details here.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Announcing the Third Excellence In Psychology Instructposted

Friday, August 18, 2017

Indiana Students and Teachers of Psychological Science Conference

Amanda Harmon of Zionsville Community High School shared this with the blog about the ISTOPS Conference at the end of September. Below are screenshots from their wonderful web site and a link to register. Marion University is a small, private university in Indianapolis, Indiana and was a wonderfully beautiful campus. If you are in Indiana, western Ohio, Eastern Illinois, or Northern Kentucky, I'd make the drive. They have a great program set up.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Psychology of Racism resources from the APA

The fabulous Emily Leary (she's the assistant director of the APA office of Precollege and Undergraduate Education who does a lot of work for/with with TOPSS, and all high school teachers over her a debt, even if we don't realize it!) sent the following resources that might be useful for any high school psychology teacher who wants to discuss the events in Charlottesville with students:

posted by Rob McEntarffer

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Organized Collection of Articles From Maggie May

Today we have a guest blogger, Maggie May.

Here is her introduction:

Hi! My name is Maggie May and I've been teaching AP Psychology and Honors Psychology at Villa Joseph Marie High School in Holland, PA for four years. I have my Bachelor's degree in History with a 7-12 Social Studies Teaching Certificate from West Chester University and recently graduated from La Salle University with my Master's degree in Education. I am excited for the 2017-2018 school year which will mark my fifth year teaching psychology. I am especially "psyched" to be adding an "Introduction to Psychology" elective course to my schedule. In addition to psych I am a lover of all things history -- so far I've taught American History, American Government, and Principles of Sociology. I hope you find this compilation of psychology articles/video links/Ted talks to be helpful as we all plan to head back to school!

Link to her Google Doc that compiled the set of articles posted in the AP Psych Facebook Group over the past year. This is an incredible resource for those who like to go beyond the textbook for making connections to the "real world."

Thank you, Maggie!!!

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Monday, July 31, 2017

TOPSS and the APA Convention

This message is from Emily Chesnes at the APA. If you are already going to the APA Annual Convention, fantastic. If you are within a few hours' drive, make plans and go!

We hope to see many of you this week at the APA Convention in Washington, DC.  The TOPSS-invited sessions are listed below; please note that the location of the Friday, August 4, TOPSS reception at the APA Convention has changed.  The reception will be held this Friday from 5:00-6:30 PM at Fado Irish Pub at 808 7th Street N.W., Washington, DC, (202) 789-0066.

For more convention sessions for psychology teachers, see this recent Psychology Learning Curve post on convention highlights, this Division 2 chart of convention programming, or this listing of educational programming.  For registration information and to see more on programming, visit the APA Convention website.

TOPSS-invited speakers:

Friday, Aug. 4

1-1:50 p.m. | Convention Center Room 143B
Randal M. Ernst Lecture: High School Psychology: A Discussion on the 2017 APA Summit

Chair:  R. Scott Reed, Hamilton High School, Ariz.
Participants:  Randal M. Ernst, EdD, Nebraska Wesleyan University; Amy Fineburg, PhD, Jefferson Public Schools, Ala.; other summit participants.

2-2:50 p.m. | Convention Center Room 144A
In the Light of a Star: An Introduction to the Life and Works of William Stern (1871-1938)

James T. Lamiell, PhD, Georgetown University
Chair: R. Scott Reed, Hamilton High School, Ariz.

3-3:50 p.m. | Convention Center Room 143B
The Lee Gurel Lecture: The Power of Persuasion
Robert Cialdini, PhD, Arizona State University
Chair: R. Scott Reed, Hamilton High School, Ariz.

5-6:30 p.m.
Please join us for a TOPSS Reception
Fado Irish Pub
808 7th Street N.W., Washington, DC
(202) 789-0066).

Friday, July 28, 2017

The Amazing Dr. Joseph Swope and His Fabulous Web Site

Dr. Joseph Swope (Joe) is a high school psychology and AP Psychology teacher from the East Coast (Maryland). He's also worked at the Springfield Power Plant and Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters (if his Facebook profile is to be believed). In any case, Joe is prolific in his giving back to the psychology community. Check out his bio to the right.

In short, if you teach psychology, go to his site, swopepsych and sign up for an account--it's free and the resources are so amazing!

Here are a few of the items that he has shared.

Joe has put his video lectures/textbook online. Great resources for students and teachers.

His expansive list of resources can be found here.

He is also an author of a book called Need for Magic that incorporates social psychology concepts throughout.

So what does Dr. Swope's site have to offer teachers? 
  • hundreds of video clips from movies and television shows
  • lots of activities and worksheets for various classwork and homework use
  • Video textbook has 93 thirty minute videos--each was shot with two 1080i (that is hi-def) cameras with microphones around the room to pick up on the class dynamics
  • Sooooo many resources
  • A log-in system for teachers and students
  • Coming soon: a system where the teacher can assign a particular video, have the student watch it and take a quiz with a resulting email to the teacher with quiz results. Joe is also working on randomizing the quizzes to reduce cheating.
  • A site that offers what teachers and students can actually use--Joe is a high school classroom teacher--he knows what we need and what we don't

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Hyperdocs for Myers for AP 2e

Many/most textbooks are organized using the chapter principle. This can work well for teachers at the college level but does not always work well for teachers at the high school level, especially those of us who teach Advanced Placement Psychology. The textbook I use is the Worth Publishing text written by Dr. David Myers, Psychology for AP, 2nd Edition. At my school, all the students have Chromebooks, so we are 1:1 and I have my students complete much of their work digitally.

The Myers text and it is divided into units that reflect the content of the College Board. Each unit is subdivided into Modules (referred to in the chart below by M and a number). Below are the hyperdocs I created during the 2016-17 school year. Please keep in mind that these are not perfect and reflect my emphases of the content I deemed important at the time. I am continually updating my documents and most of these can be used as is. I encourage editing and modification for your own classes.

I limited the hyperdoc formatting to two columns--it is visually easier for me to read/review the content. Not all of these are complete with everything I want to create within each unit--Unit 14 is a great example--the focus there is on vocabulary only--I will be adding quite a bit to this doc for this upcoming year.

You will also notice that the units that occurred early in the year do not yet have hyperdocs. As I work on them at the end of this summer, I will place the links here.

Many of the docs also contain direct links to where I have all my course videos--it is a pay site, but my students are able to access my videos at no cost.

Unit 1--History and Perspectives of Psychology
No formal hyperdoc for the readings--last unit of the year-lots of in-class activities rather than book work

Unit 2--Research Methods
No formal hyperdoc for the readings--early in the year

Unit 3--Biological Bases of Behavior
No formal hyperdoc for the readings--early in the year
Brain Internet Search and Discover

Unit 4--Sensation and Perception
No formal hyperdoc for the readings--early in the year
Visual Perception Activities

Unit 5--States of Consciousness
Mods 22-25--entire unit

Unit 6--Learning
No formal hyperdoc for the readings--early in the year
CC processes doc
CC Practice doc
Learning Scenarios

Unit 7-Cognition and Memory
no formal hyperdoc--was the first unit of the course

Unit 8--Motivation and Emotion

Unit 9--Human Development

Unit 10--Personality Theories

Unit 11--Testing and Individual Differences

Unit 12--Disorders
Personality Disorders and Case Studies
Abnormal Behavior Overview Doc--source unknown--if it is yours, let me know and I will credit you.
DSM 5 Chart

Unit 13--Treatment
M70-73 chart to fill in--not exactly a hyperdoc

Unit 14--Social Psychology
No formal hyperdoc for the readings--early in the year
M74-76 Vocabulary Work
M77-80 Vocabulary Work

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

NorCalTOPSS Psychology Teaching Conference August 5, 2017

Hey, Psychology Teachers!
Are you in 
Northern California 
Central Coast
The Bay Area
Central Valley
or Reno, NV?

On August 5, Eric Castro and Chuck Schallhorn are organizing the Northern California TOPSS meeting. We last met two years ago in San Francisco at St. Ignatius where Eric teaches. This year, we moving to the East Bay to make it more accessible to more people--Mountain House HS in Mountain House, CA, just a few miles east of Livermore just off the Altamont Pass near the 580/205 exchange.

Our agenda includes:

  • debriefing the APA Summit for High School Psychology
  • debriefing the Stanford ONE conference
  • participants sharing out activities that work for them
  • how to turn activities into lab experiences
  • the scientific nature of psychology
  • technology tools useful for teaching psychology
  • examining blended learning
  • discovering online resources for teachers of psychology
  • participant Q/A and discussion about teaching psychology
  • plus lots of free textbooks and review books as well as three Flipgrid premium accounts
Go to for registration details.

If you cannot make it, send or refer a colleague from your school/district/area. Send any questions to

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Monday, July 24, 2017

Maria Vita is Amazing! AKA What to Buy for Your Psych Class

Fellow TOPSS Board Member Maria Vita is an amazing person. Over the past year, she has shared a Google Doc she put together highlighting with links some things you may want to purchase for your psychology classroom.

I leave you with her list:

The links in the doc are active, but not the ones below in the picture. Open the doc and check all of them out. She is pretty terrific.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Friday, July 14, 2017

APA Psychology Summit Days 5 & 6

Hi All,

This is Chuck again posting the final concurrent blog post on the APA Psychology Summit in Ogden, Utah at Weber (Wee-burr) State University. These represent my reflections and perceptions and not those of the event organizers.

As I write this, I am in a hotel room in Park City, Utah, east of Salt Lake City. It was the location of the 2002 Winter Olympics as well as the Sundance film festival. I mention this to emphasize that when you have conferences/meetings you attend, see if you can find out if you can add a day or more to the time in the area to take in the local sites. My plan is to go hiking in the Wasatch Mountains tomorrow morning to see how well I can handle the altitude. I live near sea level in California. I've already walked part of the city and had dinner. As I was driving here, my lack of sleep caught up with me and once I got to the hotel room, I crashed.

Thursday events

Last push with our presentations--editing and practice--each group had only ten minutes and each could easily have been an hour. The time constraints really made us focus. We had so much we accomplished within each group and there was so much to share. A common theme of participants was that we wanted more time to present and to listen to the other groups. We had to get creative.

Each strand had recommendations to the APA on what they would like to see in order to accomplish their goals. I cannot emphasize this enough--this will take a few months for some and years or even decades for others. This week was already one dream come true. There are many others that will take time, effort, and advocacy to occur. The younger teachers in the first ten years of their careers will need to take up the mantle and carry out the recommendations on how to improve high school psychology that we came up with and adapt them to the changing conditions of the future.

After hearing the wonderful work that the strand groups completed, we debriefed and went back to the dorms to change clothes. There was a reception at the Alumni House prior to the talk by Dr. David Myers of introductory psychology and social psychology textbooks. He had been with us throughout the day exchanging stories with anyone who spoke with him. He is an incredibly kind and receptive man.

Prior to dinner, we moved to the Dumkey room where we were treated to Dr. Myers talk titled, "Teaching Psychological Science in a Post-Truth Age." As a good scientist, every time he made an assertion, he backed it up with data and logical support. He also had a nice collection of relevant cartoons to illustrate his points.

Dinner came next with lots of socializing and connecting there at the alumni house. We made our way back to the dorm where there were at least three different lounges and kitchens where conversations took place. Though we worked during our day sessions, we got to know each other as fellow humans outside the world of psychology and got to know some of each others' stories. The week left me so amped and stoked, I did not want to go back to my room and to sleep. I stayed out talking with my new and old friends until about 12:30 am. I got less than six hours of sleep going into Friday morning. Just like in college, it was worth it.

Friday wrap-up

In the morning, most of us were up later than usual and speedily packing for our return flights home. Even after staying up late the night before, Tomee Pace led her group in one last yoga session at 6:30 am.  During breakfast, we shared the microphones and thought about our next steps as individuals. The APA will be taking the recommendations to the Education Directorate and the Board of Educational Affairs.

We finished with last goodbyes, hugs, tears, and a variety of feelings that were warm and fuzzy. Suitcases were lugged, keys and cards were turned in and transitions back to "real life" begun. It was a life-changing experience for me.

There will be more to come regarding the conclusions, the recommendations, and the next steps that we will be taking in our part of the field of psychology.

Once I get home and settled next week, I will post some pictures.

Charles Schallhorn (L) and Dr. David Myers (R)

Conclusions and Reflections

I left the week some incredibly motivated, energized, and inspired. In talking with several people, none had ever had a professional experience as powerful like this. My experience includes a month at the National Science Foundation at Eastern Illinois where I met Kent Korek of APSI and THSP blog fame, and two weeks at Nebraska Wesleyan where I met Randy Ernst, Charlie Blair-Broeker, Rob MacEntarffer, Alan Feldman, and many others. A large number of us remain friends to this day. Others had been at the St. Marys Conferences, others at the P3 conference, and other attempts to advance the level and quality of high school psychology.

The first word of the conference was "Science"
The last word of the conference was "Champion"
Talk to participants to see what each of those words means to them.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

APA Psychology Summit Day 4

What day is it? Wait, Wednesday? I thought it was Tuesday. Time has no meaning here except when it is meal time.

Today was an early day with lots of work. Deadlines loom as we are presenting our strand's "deliverable's" tomorrow.

At breakfast, we had a presentation and workshop led by Dr. Karen Studwell and Alexandra Ginsberg of the APA Education Directorate Government Relations Office. They shared with us what the APA does in Washington, D.C. in terms of trying to influence policymaking in Congress. They shared strategies that we can use back in our own schools, districts, and states. There is a guide to advocacy that they shared that can be found at this link.

After working the rest of the morning in our strands, we had lunch and then shared out our personal next steps as to what we could do to advocate and work for psychology. Ideas included contacting local, state, and national officials about the importance of education and psychology education; contacting our state department of education to advocate for including the Psychology National Standards for the psychology courses. Several people discussed working with local universities to attempt to create partnerships. Others talked about reaching out to younger teachers and bringing them into the fold to work together to present at conferences, run for office and extend beyond their classes and districts. There were many other ideas shared that will be compiled and shared with people within the TOPSS group. One of our goals in TOPSS is to bring in more members to improve the field of teaching psychology at the high school level. Only through communication and awareness.

We had a short meeting in the afternoon prior to going on a brief excursion. The majority of participants live in the flatlands and wanted to see mountains. They went to Ogden Valley that included Snowbasin Ski Resort, Shooting Star Saloon, and Oaks Restaurant. I am told the town was a one-street town. They had an excellent host whose name I do not know.

My group was led by Dr. Carla Trentelman, a sociologist who has lived in the region for many years. She gave us many insights about the Salt Lake Basin/region that I took notes on and will bullet point below. Our trip was to Antelope Island in the Great Salt Lake that lies several miles off the coast of central Utah near Ogden. We were able to drive there via a causeway. At one time, the water was so high that for about ten years, people could not drive to the island, but had to take boats. For the record, we did see one bison and a small herd of antelope.

When we returned from our excursions, we had a working dinner. Most groups worked until past 8:30.

Facts about Utah and the Great Salt Lake

  • this region is considered high desert
  • the Great Salt Lake (GSL) is a saline lake and a terminal lake--there are rivers than run into it, but goes nowhere else--when the water evaporates, it leaves behind salt and other minerals leaving a bathtub ring-like deposit--over time the salt builds up
  • the water is too salty for fish
  • brine shrimp can live in the salt--you may know them by a brand name, "Sea Monkeys"
  • this buildup of deposits can be blown by unpredictable storms similar to dust storms
  • the lake depth averages between 20 and 45 feet deep
  • the lake's area has ranged from 950 square miles at its lowest/smallest to 2300 square miles with an average of 1700 square miles--it is huge--smaller in North America only to the Great Lakes 
  • the lake keeps the areas East of the lake cooler
  • the GSL has a large population of migratory birds who feed on the brine shrimp and the brine shrimp flies
  • if you drive by Salt Lake City on I-80 to the south or drive north on I-15, you will notice and odiferous stench emanating from the lake. Truth is that it is not the lake--it is the treated wastewater that comes from the three large counties nearby emptying in the southeast portion of the lake called Farmington Bay.

Below are some pictures from today by me, and several others.

posted by Chuck Schallhorn

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

APA Psychology Summit Day 3

Today's post will be quite a bit shorter than the last two. Today was work and more work. We had no special speakers or illustrious guests outside of the outstanding group of people who are here. As I write this, it is 10:45 pm local time. After dinner, we have had shuttle buses taking us back to the campus. After several hours of work with our groups, most of us are knackered. Despite our sleepiness, even many of us who were up early continued so many important conversations.

I cannot emphasize how important these conversations are. Imagine you are passionate about some topic. Now fill a room with 70+ people who are just as passionate about your topic. Then give all of them experiences worth sharing to other individuals and groups. There is no real "down time" for most of us here. We get up, begin talking with others about something psych or summit-related. Then we have breakfast, talk some more, and move to our strand groups to work on our goals, our deliverables, and our recommendations to the APA regarding our topics. As a reminder, here are our strands:
  1. Psychology as Science
  2. Skills that Improve Flourishing and Well-Being
  3. National Standards for High School Psychology Education
  4. Assessing Skills and Content in Psychology
  5. Identifying and Credentialing High School Psychology Teachers
  6. Ongoing Professional Development
  7. Diversity and Access
  8. Technology and Online Learning
As you can imagine, each strand bleeds over into another. Of course, you realize that if you are talking about psychology as a science, you need to discuss what the standards are going to look like. If you are on assessing skills and content, that connects to not only the standards but which skills? How do those skills relate to the other sciences and the skills they develop? If we are going to add the teaching of skills to an introductory psychology course, how will we help teachers learn what the skills are and how to teach them--oh, we need to talk with the professional development strand. One question gets asked often in psychology is, "why are sp many of the people we are studying dead, white men?" So let's talk to the diversity and access strand about their research and recommendations about what diversity is, how diverse the fields of  teaching and psychology are, and how to increase diversity both in research (researchers and research subjects) and in teaching (why do we not have people of color in the American teaching profession? What can we do to change that?) What can/should we do to have teaching and psychology look more like the face of our citizenry?

Now take those questions, multiply them by at least 50 for each strand and things start to get quite complex. Most or all of the strands have subdivided in order to cover more ground and create a more substantive set of recommendations. Each group has its own rationale. Each group needs to talk with and work with other groups to find out directions and decisions being made. It's a human spiderweb of interactions.

Did I mention that there was a freshman orientation on campus this morning? Or how the mountains are looking so inviting? Suffice it to say there are many distractions being in this beautiful party of the country, but passion is overcoming distraction for nearly all of us (I will never be definitive when it comes to human behavior--there are always exceptions to generalizations). It was said during the week that we are really running eight different conferences this week-one for each strand. Other contend that the number is really greater than that with the subgroups. Other say there are even more because of all the sharing of ideas and experiences. Perhaps we are having eight primary conferences and hundreds of tertiary conferences. In any case, cognitive load is taking its toll and we are tired. I'm going to upload a few pictures, post this link to social media, and go to bed. Good night all!

25th St, Downtown Ogden before dinner

Zucca Tratoria Italian Restaurant for Dinner
Sunset Over Ogden (pic credit Schallhorn)

Sunset over Ogden (picture credit Schaffield)

posted by Chuck Schallhorn