Every student of psychology should be familiar with the American Psychological Association's (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. While most of the document deals with ethical concerns between a psychologist and their patient, section 8 deals with ethical considerations within psychological research.
The complete document can be found at (or downloaded as a PDF from) http://www.apa.org/ethics/code2002.html or click on any of the links below.
8. Research and Publication
8.01 Institutional Approval
8.02 Informed Consent to Research
8.03 Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research
8.04 Client/Patient, Student, and Subordinate Research Participants
8.05 Dispensing With Informed Consent for Research
8.06 Offering Inducements for Research Participation
8.07 Deception in Research
8.09 Humane Care and Use of Animals in Research
8.10 Reporting Research Results
8.12 Publication Credit
8.13 Duplicate Publication of Data
8.14 Sharing Research Data for Verification